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  • The American Mission and the “Evil Empire": The Crusade for a "Free Russia" Since 1881 (Cambridge University Press, 2007)


  • America's Secret War Against Bolshevism: U.S. Intervention in the  Russian Civil War, 1917-1920 (The University of North Carolina Press, 1995).

Scholarly Journal Articles


  • "The Formation of American Images of Russia as an 'Other,' 1881-1917," co-authored with Victoria Zhuravleva, Amerikanskii Ezhegodnik, 2004 (Moscow, 2006), 233-281.


  • “American Hopes for the Transformation of Russia During the Second World War,” Novaia i Noveishaia Istoriia, #1, January 2003, 80-105.


  • “Ten Myths About Russia: Understanding and Dealing with Russia’s Complexity and Ambiguity,” coauthored with Gordon M. Hahn, Problems of Post-Communism, Vol. 49, No. 6 (November/December 2002), 3-15.

  • “Roots of ‘Liberation’: American Images of the Future of Russia in the Early Cold War,  1948-1953,” The International History Review, Vol. XXI, No. 1 (March 1999), 57-79.

  • “Redeeming Russia? American Missionaries and Tsarist Russia, 1886-1917,” Religion, State and Society, Vol. 25, No. 4 (December 1997), 353-368.

Articles in Edited Collections​
  • “The Perils of Prophecy: American Predictions About Russia’s Future Since 1881,” in Russia and the United States: Perceiving Each Other, ed. V. V. Noskov and W. G. Rosenberg (forthcoming, 2015).


  • “Policies Toward Russia and Intervention in the Russian Revolution,"


  • invited contribution to A Companion to Woodrow Wilson (Blackwell), 2012.


  • "Conversion or Condemnation: Religious Influences on American Images of Late Tsarist, Soviet, and Post-Soviet Russia," in V. I.


  • Zhuravleva, ed., Russian-American Relations in the Past and the Present: Images, Myths, and Reality (Moscow, 2007), 256-270.


  • "The Construction of the Image of Russia in American Political


  • Cartoons of the 20th Century," co-authored with Victoria Zhuravleva, for V.A. Koleneko, ed., Mify I Realii Amerikanskoi Istorii v Periodike XVIII-XX vv. (Moscow, 2008), 189-262.


  • "Self-Determination vs. Territorial Integrity: The Wilson Administration, the Baltic Region, and the Future of Russia," in V. L. Mal'kov and Iu. V. Kudrina, eds., World War I and the Destiny of the Twentieth Century (Moscow, 1997).


  • "The New Diplomacy and Covert Intervention: American Intelligence   Organizations and the Russian Revolutions," in World War I an the XX Century: Acts of the International Conference of Historians, Moscow, 24-26 May, 1994 ed. P. Volobuev, Yu. Koudrina, et al (Moscow, 1995), 197-201.

Encyclonpedia Articles
  • “United States Foreign Relations: Russia,” invited contribution to  The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Military and Diplomatic        History, ed. Tim Lynch (2012).


  • "Stalingrad in American Eyes," in M. M. Zagorul'ko, ed., Encyclopedia of the Battle of Stalingrad (in Russian, Volgograd, 2007).


  • “U.S. Intervention in Russia, 1917-1920,” in Peter Karsten, ed. Encyclopedia of War and American Society (Sage Publications, 2005).


  • "U.S. Military Intervention in Russia, 1917-1920," in John W. Chambers, ed., The Oxford Companion to American Military History (Oxford University Press, 1998).


  • "Foreign Intervention," in Edward Acton, Vladimir Iu. Cherniaev, and William G. Rosenberg, ed., Critical Companion to the Russian Revolution, 1914-1921 (London: Edward Arnold, 1997), 106-114. 

Jornalistic Publications
  • “Can Both the US and Russia Be Exceptional?” Russia Direct (online magazine), October 7, 2013.


  • “Russia – Again America’s ‘Dark Twin’?” op-ed piece posted on the History News Network, January 2008.


  • “Gold Medals, Double Standards, and the Russians,” op-ed piece posted on the History News Network, February 25, 2002.


  • “Russia -- Ten Years After the Fall,” op-ed piece distributed by History News Service and posted on History News Network, December 2001.


  • “The American ‘Nation-Building’ Mission and Russia,” op-ed piece distributed by History News Service and,   November 2000.


  • "As the Soviets change, we must change our thinking, too," Peninsula TimesTribune, November 23, 1988 (op-ed).


  • "A Rare Chance to Profoundly Rethink Soviet Relations," Peninsula Times Tribune, June 12, 1988 (op-ed).


  • "U.S.-Soviet Relations: Myth vs. Reality," On Beyond War, June/July 1988.


  • "KAL 007 Two Years Later," The Daily Californian, August 29, 1985.

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